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The City of Alamos is over three hundred and seventy years old and one of the best preserved colonial cities in Northern Mexico. In the mid seventeen hundreds, King Carlos III of Spain sent a surveyor general to map out the city streets. Mansions were built by prospering silver barons. The colonial elements of Alamos’ architecture include:
Arches
A characteristic of the more elaborate portal is the arch which provides the perspective through which the building is seen.
Columns
The column supports the arches and the portal roof. Local artisans influenced the more traditional Doric or Corinthian designs to create Alamos' own unique styles. The original columns were of wood. Plaster columns and arches were added around the eighteen hundreds
Cornice
The cornice is a decorative Greek feature found along the roofline of a structure. Two designs are most prevalent in Alamos, the traditional Greek design which is that of a man's profile or the 'pecho de paloma' profile of a dove's breast created by the Mexican artisans.
The Portal
Alamos is often referred to as the city of portals. The portal or portico can be found on the interior or exterior of the house and serves as outside living spaces. Columns or arches support the roof. Portales on the exterior were symbols of social status and can be found on the more stately homes on the main thoroughfares.
Thick Walls & Deep Recessed Windows
The walls are constructed of adobe and can measure three to four feet in width. This is a perfect example of how the environment influences the design. The thick walls and recessed windows serve to auto regulate temperatures within during the hot summers and cool winters. Windows and doorways in particular show the Andalusian or Moroccan influence on Alamos colonial structures.

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